Colonel John Washington1

M, #15301, b. February 1632, d. before 26 September 1677
FatherRev. Lawrence Washington1 b. 1602, d. Jan 1652/53
MotherAmphillis Twigden1 b. bet 1601-1602, d. c 1654

Family 1

Ann Pope b. c 1638, d. 1668
Child

Family 2

Ann Gerard

Family 3

Frances Gerard b. 1637, d. 1696
Last Edited2 Aug 2019
     John Washington was born in February 1632, son of Rev. Lawrence Washington and Amphillis Twigden, in Purleigh, Essex, England.1 Colonel John Washington also has been reported to have been born in 1633/4.2 He also has been reported to have been born the latter part of 1634.3

     In 1640, he was enrolled in a prestigious education program at Sutton's Hospital in London based on a nomination by King Charles I of England.1

     Circa 1654, after his mother's death, he went to London, probably taking his brother, Lawrence, with him.1

     In 1656, already married for the first time, he sailed for Virginia as mate and voyage partner of Edward Prescott, owner of the Sea Horse of London. His first wife died sometime prior to his marriage to Ann Pope.1,4,5

     On 21 January 1655/56, he witnessed a Power of Attorney from Ed Streator to John Sharpe. Recorded 17 Jun 1656 at Lancaster County, Virginia Colony.6

     In 1657, "the English merchantman Seahorse, out of London, foundered in the Potomac River after leaving Colonial Nathaniel Pope's wharf. The Seahorse was refloated and brought into Mattox Creek for repairs. The ship's Second Officer was John Washington. Washington was quartered at Colonel Nathaniel Pope's while the Seahorse was being repaired. When the Seahorse was ready to sail again, John Washington decided to remain in the Virginia colony, in order to be near Pope's daughter, Anne."

     "John prevailed on Edward Prescott, the master and part owner of the Seahorse, to release him from further service in order that he might remain in the Northern Neck of Virginia. He also demanded payment of his wages. Prescott countered that Washington owned him money and was partly resposible for the damage done to the vessel. He threatened to have John arrested and imprisoned." Nathaniel Pope offered to act as security for his bond in beaver skins. It is unknown if there was an actual lawsuit, but Prescott sailed away and Washington remained. This was not the end of the bad relations between the men, however.7

On 20 May 1657 the following interrogatories were recorded in Westmoreland County:

Mr Washington               Interrgatories for- Mr William Meare and Jacob
agt Interrogatories                Inkson and some other witnesses that shall be                          presented by John Washinton
.
That wether or no Edward Prescott did send a letter to John Washington in England and what was in it menconed

That wether or noe yeee know that John Washington did goe over to him by ye request of ye said letter & whether he was at his owne expense

That wether or noe that after ye arrival of ye said John Washington did Assist him in Dansicke ashoare & aboard by ye said Edward Prescotts Ordr

That wether or noe that after ye ship lay in Dansicke roade that John Washington lay aboard on ye said Prescott's occasion

That wether or noe that when ye said ship on her voyage towards lubeck that ye said John Washington did take halfe watch night & day & assisted ye sailing of her to Lubeck there remained aboard by Mr. Prescotts ordr in his pticular business & that he did business for him there ashoare and from thence in like maner to Kopenhaven

That whether or noe yee know that ye said Washington was sent from KopenHaven to Elsinore over land to see some Tobacco & whether or noe he gave him an account of it

That whether or noe when ye ship was cleared from Elsinore to Virginie ye said John Washington did take halfe watch to Virginie & assisted as second man in sailing her to Virginie

That whether or noe ye known that after Mr Prescott's arrival in Virginie whether he did Assist him in his business until she was cast away

That whether or noe yee know that John Washington assisted him in saveing or her

That whether or noe yee know that after she was saved ye said John Washington settled himself in Virginie by consent of ye said Prescott

That whether or noe yee that there was a note demanded by ye said John Washington concerning whether he had given him anything in Account of Copartnershipp & what he answered fowre or five dayes before he sett saile out of Patomacke river

That one Sunday afterwards he bing a shoare what he Answered concerning ye said note & whether John Washington would have stopped him by ordr of Law had it not been Sunday & mr Pope engaged himself that if ye said John Washington did owe ye said Pr Prescott anything he would give him ready paymt in Beaver

That whether or noe yee known that ye said Edward Prescott went (?) ashore soe that ye said John Washington Attached his boate by Ordr of Law until he should make his appearance & to come to an Account with ye said John Washington

That whether or noe yee know that said Edward Prescott had notice sent him of his boate being stopt for his appearance & at his appearance she would be released

That whether or noe yeee know that John Washington had some speckled stuffe in ye Shipp that Mr Prescott had some of them in possession & that he recovered some Tobacco wh(ere) John Washington had solde some

That whether or noe ye know that John Washington gave Edward Prescott an account in writing in Potomacke River concerning some money disbursed in ye East Country by ye said John Washington8

On the same day the following responses were recorded for William Meares:
Wm Meares     :
Answeare To ye :     William Meare aged 32 yeares or thereabouts swome
Interrogatories:      and examined saith

To ye 1 in:ry Hee this depont saith That hee saw a Ire come from Mr Edward Prescott to Mr John Washington in Ano (56) or thereabouts wherein Mr Prescott did desire ye said Mr Washingto come over to dansicke to him & bring nothing with him & he ye said Prescott did promise him ye said Washington to advance him in part with him in his voyage

To ye 2 Inry this depont saith that ye said Washington went over to ye said Prescott by his request to dansicke & did beare his owne charge

To ye 4:th ln:ry this depot saith Hee ye said Washington did Assist ye said Prescott at dansicke a shoare & aboard by Order from ye said Prescott

To ye 5 ln:ry this depont saith hee ye said Washington did assiste said Prescott in sayieing ye Vesseil to Lubeck & there remained by ye said Prescott's ordr in his pticular business & in like maner did Assist him ye said Prescott in sayieing his Vesseil to Kopen-haven

To ye 6 in:ry this depont saith that he ye said Washington was sent from KopenHaven by ye said Prescott to Elsinore over Land to sell Tobco for him ye said Prescott & that ye Washington gave ye said Prescott an account of it soe solde

To ye 7 ln:ry this depont saith that he ye said John Washington did after ye Vessell was cleared from Elsinore to Virginia keepe'halfe watch on ye voyage to Virginia & did assist him as second man sayleing ye Vessell to Virginia

To ye 8 ln:ry this depont saith that after Mr Prescott's arrival in Virginia ye said Washington did Assist him ye said Prescott in his business till ye Vessell cast away

To ye 9 ln:ry this depont saith that ye said Mr Washington assisted ye said Prescott in saveing of his vessel

To ye 10 ln:ry this depont saith that after ye vessel was saved ye said Mr Washington settled himselfe in Virginia by consent of ye said Prescott

To ye 11th ln:ry this depont saith that he heard Mr Washington demand a note of ye said Prescott concerning ye Account of Co-partnershipp fowre of five dayes before ye said ship did sayle out of Potomack River & yt said Prescott did not deny to give ye said Washington a note

To ye 12"' ln:ry this depont saith that ye said Prescott was on shoare at Mr Pope's house on ye Sunday before he ye said Prescott sette saile with him ship and ye said Prescott Answred ye said Washington that there was some money betweene them due from Mr Washington to him ye said Prescott & that he would give him ye said Washington nothing in Account of copartnership & this depont further saith that ye said Washington would have stopped ye said ship by ordr of law had it not bene Sunday & also futher this depont saith that Nathaniel Pope engaged himselfe that if ye saide Washington did owe ye said Prescott anything he ye said Mr Pope would give ye said Prescott ready paymt in Beaver at eight shillings per pound

To ye 13 Inry (this depont sai) that ye said Edward Prescott whent (aboard his) vessel & came no more on shoare soe that ye said Washington Attached ye said Prescott's Boate by Ordr of law until hee ye said Prescott should make his appearance to come to Account with ye said Washington

To ye 14"' Inry this depont saith that he ye said depont knew that ye (said Edward Prescott had notice) sent him that his Boate was stopped (for his appearance & that) at Mr Prescotts appearance ye Boate should be released

To ye 15'" Inry this depont saith that Mr Washington bought some speckled suff of ye carpenter belonging to ye Vessel for which Mr Washington gave his note to ye carpenter for paymt & ye said Prescott had ye said stuffe in possession

To ye 16 Inry this depont saith that ye said Mr Washington gave ye said Prescott account in writing in Potomacke River concerning some money that ye said Washington had disbursed in ye East Country by him ye said Washington for ye use of ye said Prescott

Will. Meare, Jurat Coram
Nobis 12mo die May Ano dni 1657.

Walter Brodhurst
Thomas Speke

20 May 1657 This Answere of Mr Meares was recorded.9

     John Washington, 26, married Ann Pope, daughter of Colonel Nathaniel Pope and Lucy Fox, on 1 December 1658 at Mattox, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony. He was in the same regiment as her father and was a Major at that time.

     According to the Washington Parish history, "as a wedding gift, Colonel Nathaniel Pope gave them a 700 acre tract of land on Bridge's Creek."10,11,12

     Circa 1660, John's brother, Lawrence, had joined him in the Virginia Colony.13

     In 1661, Appomattox Parish was created and a new church was built near the mouth of Mattox Creek. John Washington and Andrew Monroe were among the first vestrymen of the parish.12

     In July 1662, he became a justice and member of the county court. About the same time, he was commissioned a major in the militia and rose to lieutenant colonel.13

     In 1664, John and Ann "moved four miles eastward on Bridges Creek."7

     In 1664, by this year, John Washington's plantation was prospering. He was elected a Burgess and had become actively involved in the affairs of the parish and county (Westmoreland). Only nine years after his arrival, Appomattox Parish's name was changed to Washington Parish in his honor, making this the first geographical division in America to be named after a Washington.14 [Stafford County was formed from Westmoreland County.]

     The major part of Lt. Colonel Washington's landholdings was in Westmoreland County. However, his largest single acquisition was up the Potomac on Little Hunting Creek. This was involved, being a joint venture with Nicholas Spencer, Secretary of the Colony, for 5,000 acres, eighty percent of which had represented an unseated grant to Colonel Richard Lee. This was to become the site of Mount Vernon.15

     Colonel John Washington left a will dated on 21 September 1665 at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony, in which he requested "To be buried on plantation where I live by the side of my wife yt is already dead and two children of mine. To my eldest sonne ____ by my father Pope made over to me. To son Lawrence 5000 acres (my share of land) in Stafford Co. taken up by me and Col. Nicho Spencer, other land on Rosiers Cr., etc. To son John W. land where I live purchased of David Anderson, land at head of Rappanock dr. etc. Wife her thirds for life; Ann Washington daughter a diamond ring. Bro. Thomas Pope; sister ____ ten pounds I have in England. Bro Lawrence Washington and wife Mrs. Anne Washington."
The Will of John Washington

     "In the name god amen. I John Washington of Washington parish in ye Countie of Westmoreland in Virginia, gent, being of good & perfect memory, thankes be unto Almighty god [for it] & calleing to rememebrnce the uncertaine estate of this trans(itory) life, & that all flesh must yield unto death, when it shall plea33 years and 7 months god for to Call, doe make Constitute ordaine & declare this my last will & testament in manner & forme following, revoaki(ng) & annulling by thes presents all & every testament & testam[ents] will or wills heirtofore by me made and declared ei(ther) by [word] or by writing & this to be taken only for my last will and testament & non other, & first being hartily sorry from the bottome of my hart for my sins past, most humbly desiring forgiveness of the same from the Almighty god [my savior] & redeemer in whome & by the merits of Jesus Christ, I trust & believe assuredly to be saved & to have full remission and forgiveness of all my sins & yt my soule wth my body at the generall day of resurrection shall arise againe wth Joy & through the merits of Christ death & passion, possess and inherit the Kingdom of heaven, prepared for his elect & Chosen & my body to be buried on ye plantation wheirr I now Live, by the side of my wife yt is already buried & two Children of mine & now for the settling of my temporall estate & such goods Chatles and debts as it hath pleased god far above my deserts to bestow upon me, I doe order give & dispose the same in maner & forme following -
first I will yt all those debts & duties yt I owe in right or Consience to any maner of person or persons wtsoever shall be well & truly Contented & payed or ordained to be payd by my executors - herein after named -
Imprimis I give & [be]quea[th] unto my eldest [son Lawrence Washington) yt seat of land whereon Henry flagg liveth [wch I bought of John] Watts and Robert Hodges, being by patton seven hundre21 September 1665 ac[res] it being by my father pope made over to me & my heirs Lawfully begotten of my body -
Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington my watter mill wth all appertinances & Land belonging to it at the head of Rosiers Criek to him & his heirs for ever, reserveing to my wife her thirds during her life -
Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington yt seate of Land at upper machotik wch I bought of Mr. Anthony Bridges & Mr. John Rosier, being about nine hundred acres to him & his heirs for ever, reserveing to my wife her thirds during her life -
Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington my halfe & share of five thousand acres of Land in Stafford County wch is betwixt Coll Nicolas Spence & myselfe wch we [are engaged] yt their shall be no benefit taken by survivourship to him & his [heirs] for [ever].
Item I doe give unto my son John Washington yt plantation wheiron I now live wch I bougt of David Anderson & yt plantation next to Mr. John Foxhall yet I bought [wch was Ricd Hills] to him & his heirs for ever & yt seate of Land of about four hundred acres wch lyeth upon ye head of Rappahanect Creik & adjoining upon David norways orphants Land the Land being formerly John Whetstons & sold to me to him & his heirs f[o]r ever reserving to my wife her thirds of the afoare sayd Land during her life -
Item I give unto my son John Washington yt seate of land wch Robert foster now Livethon beng about three hundred acres to him & his heirs forever. Likewise I give unto my sayd son John Washington yt seat of land wch Robert Richards Liveth on wch I had of my bro: Lawrence Washington being about three hundred & fifty acres to him and his heirs for ever reserveing to my wife her thirds of the two sayd tracts of La[N]d during her life -
Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter An Washington yt seate of Land yt tract of Land yt Tho: Jordan now liveth on beng about twelve hundred acres to her and her heirs for ever. Likewise I give & bequeath unto my sayd daughter that tract of Land wheiron John frier now Liveth being about fourteen hundred acres after Mr. Fricke hath his quantity out of it to her & her heirs for ever reserving to my wife her thirds of the two above seates dureing her Life.
Item I give unto my sayd daughter, wch was her mothers desire & my promise, yt Cash in ye new parlous & the Diamond ring & her mothers rings & the white quilt &. the white Curtains & Vallians -
And as for the rest of my personall estate after my debts & dues are satisfied Justly, wch I desire should be satisfied out of my Cropps, which I doe not question but will be far more than I doe owe [thanks be unto god for it] theirfore it is my desire yt my estate should not Come to any appraisement, but I order & bequeath a followeth yt is to say that their shall be a Just Inventory & List taken of my personall estate yt I am possessed of & for to be devided in quantitie & quallitie by three men of Judgement wch I request the Court to nominate, into foure , son of Rev. Lawrence Washington and Amphillis Twigden,ts to be equall and proportionable devided in quantitie & qualitie the one fourth part I give to my Loveing wife in Kind in Lew of her dower or Claime, & one fourth part to my son Lawrence Washington in Kind, S one fourth part to my son John Washington in Kind, & one fourth part to my daughter An Washington in Kind to them & either of them severally & their heirs for ever & it is my will yt if either of my above sayd Children should happen to dy, before they obtaine the age of one & twenty years or day of marriadge then the Land of yt Child yt Dyeth to be the eldest son then Living, & if both my sons should dy then the Land to be my daughter An, & as for the personall estate if any of my three Children should happen to dy, before they Come of age or day of marriadge, then it is my will that the two surviveing Children should equally devide the personnall estate of yt Child yt is dead betwixt them & theirs for ever.
Item I give & bequeath after all my legacies payd out wt mony I shall have in England to my son Lawrence Washington
fltejm my desire is yt their may be a funeral sermon preached [at ye Ch]urch & that their be no other funeral Lest ye [fun]erall exceed four thousand pounds of [Tobb]co.
Item I give unto the Lower Church of Washington] parish 1665e ten Commandments & the Kings armes wch is my desire should be sent for out of wt mony I have in England
Item it is my desire yt wt estate I shall dy possessed should be Kept Intire wch out deviding until all debts & dues be payd & satisfied
Item I give unto my bro: Lawrence Washington four thousand pounds of tobbco & Caske -
Item I give unto my nephew John Washington my godson oldest son to my bro: Lawrence w(a)shington one young mare of two years old -
Item it is my desire yt when my estate is devided in quantitie & qualitie into four equall parts, & yt my wife has taken her fourth part, yt then even/ Childs part should be put out upon their owne plantation or plantations theire for to [be] manadged to the best advantage, for the bringing up & educating o[f each Childjd acc[ord]ing to the profit of each Childrens share -
Item it is my desire yt my wife should have the bringing up of my daughter An Washington until my son Lawrence Comes of age or her day of marriage & mywife for to have the manadgement of her part to my daughters best advantage.
Item I also give to my bro: Thomas Pope ten pounds out of yt mony I have in England
Item I doe give unto my sister marthaw Washington ten pounds out of yt mony I have in England & wt soever else she shall be oweing to me for transporteing her self into this Country & a years accommodation after her Coming in & four thousand pounds of Tobbco & Caske -
Item it is my desire yt my bro: Thomas Pope have the bringing up of my son John Washington & for to have the manadgement of his estate to my sons best advantage until he be of age of one & twenty years or day of mariadge -
finally I doe ordaine & appoint my bro: mr Lawrence Washington & my son Lawrence Washington & my Loveing wife mrs An Washington my whole & soale executors of this my last will & testament as witness my hand & seale this 21th of Fber 1675.
     signed & sealed in ye                    JOHN WASHINGTON
     presence of us -
     proued by ye Oath of
John Lord          Capa Jno Lord Capa
John Appleton          Jno Appleton, Being decesd

     The following endorsement is on the back of this will in the hand-of General Washington:
"Will - Lt Colo John Washington 11m Sept 1675"

A further endorsement, but in a different hand, is also on the back:- "Recorded in ye County records of Westmoreland Co ye 10 Jan'y 1677.

The original of the above will of John Washington, the emigrant ancestor of President Washington, was preserved among the General's papers at Mount Vernon. After the sale of the estate in 1858 to Ladies Mount Vernon Association of the Union, the papers and other relics were removed by the owner. Some of them were exhibited at the United States National Museum at Washington, for a few weeks, in January 1891, but were removed in February to be sold. A catalogue was prepared and printed, and on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, April 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 1891, the collection was sold at auction in Philadelphia by Thomas Birch's Sons. The relics brought very high prices. This will was sold to a Mr. Collins for $700.

A facsimile of this original will, full size, showing it to be entirely in the handwriting of Colonel John Washington, is owned by the present writer. The will was written when the testator was encamped before the Indian fort, called the Susquehannah Fort, then in Stafford County, Virginia, awaiting the arrival of the Indian Chiefs with whom he had been commissioned by the Governor and Council of Virginia, to treat as to the matter of Peace or War.16,17

     In 1666, he was elected to the house of burgesses and reelected in 1677.18,19

     Colonel John Washington married Ann Brett after 1668. She was the widow of two husbands when she married Washington.20

     In 1670, "Wee whose names are here underneath subscribed according to order of Westmland Court bearing dat the 28th of Septembr 1670, having pused the
Gen" & Pticular Accounts Exhibited unto us by L' Co" John Washington who married Ann the relict of Mr Henry Brett late of y County Deced, wee have
Examinedy whole Inventory & Debts of ye said Henry Brett And we Doe
finde that Mrs Ann Brett Washington hath paid beyond Assets the sum of six
teen thousand three hundred & twentie five pounds of tobacco & caske, etc., as witness our hands this 3' of 9br 1670. John Ashton, William Horton.
9th of 9hn 1670 This Report with ye account Annexed to it was Recorded."21

     On 31 May 1671, "Mr. Samuel Brett, of Plymouth, metchant, empowers certain persons to execute a discharge to 'Lt. Coll. Washington who intermarried with Ms. Anne Brett ye Reliot & administratrix of Henry Brett of Plimouth merchant deceased.21'"

     In 1675, he commanded the troops as Colonel, in an expedition against the Indians. "His orders were carried into effectwithi such a display of cruelty and treachery, as to call out a condemnation from the Governor.22

     John, 44, married Frances Appleton on 20 March 1676. She was the widow of Jn. Appleton when she married Washington.20,23

     On 14 April 1676, a letter from Phi. Lanyon at Plymouth to Sir Joseph Wiliamson enclosed a list of ships. "The ship from Virginia reports that Colonel Washington commanded a body who met the Indians; he fought them, beat them and drove them to their garrison which he took, and put all in it to the sword."24

     On 4 August 1676, Nathaniel Bacon ordered Colonel John Washington to enroll for voluntary service all housekeepers and freeman capable of bearing arms under General Bacon. On the 5th, Bacon ordered Washington to take the oath and subscription to the "engagement" made on 3 August 1676 at the Middle Plantation by the Principal Gentlemen, from all freemen and householders.25

     After 1677, his sister, Martha, married Samuel Hayward, son of Nicholas Hayward.19

     Colonel John Washington died before 26 September 1677 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony,26,27 and was buried in George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Latanes, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.27

     On 26 September 1677, In the Court of this date, reference is made to the executors or administrators of Col. Washington's estate. He was attending Court that summer, specifically in the June session.26

     His estate was probated on 10 January 1677/78 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.16

     On 8 January 1682/83, upon the petition of Mr. Lawrence Washington with other concern'd in the estate of Coll. John Washington setting forth that his father by his last will and testament did request this Court that they would nominate such men of judgment to devide such part of his estate in quantity and quality as by the will is soe disposable, the Court order with the consent of Mr. John Washington and Mr. Francis Wright that Capt. John Lord, Mr. Robt. Valx, Mr. Patrick Spence and Mr. Thomas Pope shall upon the last Monday of January make devition (sic) of such part of the estate according to the will at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.28

Citations

  1. [S2977] "Col. John (G-Grandfather To George) Washington & Descendants", online http://oursoutherncousins.com/Descendants%20of%20JOHN%20WASHINGTON%20&%20ANNE%20POPE.pdf, uploaded 7 Aug 2007, accessed 19 Aug 2011, verified site active 23 Jun 2019.
  2. [S5235] "Lawrence Washington (1602-1652)", contributed by Wikipedia, online at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Washington_(1602%E2%80%931652) , accessed 15 Sep 2015, website address verified 28 Jul 2019.
  3. [S5239] Glenn, Justin. The Washingtons: A Family History - Royal Descents of the Presidential Branch, 3 (n.p.: ebook, 2014), unpaginated.
  4. [S3013] Flemer Jr., Carl F.. Four Centuries of Little Known Washington Parish History (Richmond: Lewis Printing Co., 1991), page 4, says he sailed first c1655.
  5. [S5238] Tyler, Lyon G.. "Washington and His Neighbors," William and Mary Quarterly, Series 1, vol. 4, no. 1 (1895): page 33-34, the author is satisfied that the first wife of Colonel Washington was Anne Pope and that the second wife was Anne, widow of Walter Brodhurst. A third wife was Frances, daughter of Colonel Valentine Payton.
  6. [S3676] Fleet, Beverly, abstractor. Lancaster County, Virginia Record Book #2, 1654-1666, FHL Film 0,850,103 #1 , page 9; citing page 33, microfilm of original published book.
  7. [S3347] Haynie, Miriam. The Stronghold: A Story of Historic Northern Neck of Virginia and Its People (Richmond: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1959), page 76.
  8. [S320] Horace, Mack. History of Columbiana County, Ohio (Philadelphia: D. W. Ensign & Co., 1878), dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnentafel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland County Deeds, Wills, Patents &c 1653-1659, page 77.
  9. [S230] Drewa, Vernon, "Email, Vernon Drewa," e-mail message from e-mail address to Toby Turner, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnentafel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland County Deeds, Wills, Patents &c 1653-1659, pages 83, 84.
  10. [S2977] "Col. John (G-Grandfather To George) Washington & Descendants", online http://oursoutherncousins.com/Descendants%20of%20JOHN%20WASHINGTON%20&%20ANNE%20POPE.pdf, accessed 19 Aug 2011, citing "Col. Nathaniel Pope and His Descendants," by Rev. G. W. Beale.
  11. [S2985] Beale, G. W.. "Col. Nathaniel Pope and His Descendants," William and Mary Quarterly, Series 1, vol. 12, no. 3 (Jan 1904): page 193, supplied information about regiment and current title.
  12. [S3013] Flemer Jr.. Washington Parish Hist., page 5.
  13. [S3777] Barr, James Houston. Lt. Colonel Nathaniel Pope, c1610-1660 - Ancestor of Washington and Governors (Louisville, Kentucky: J.H.B., 2013), page 4.
  14. [S3013] Flemer Jr.. Washington Parish Hist., page 6.
  15. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 4, citing Charles E. Hatch Jr., Popes Creek Plantation, Birthplkace of George Washington, page 3.
  16. [S665] Fothergill, Augusta, abstractor. Wills of Westmoreland County, Virginia 1654 - 1800 (n.p.: Appeals Press, 1925), page 14.
  17. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahfenatel of Stephen W. Turner containing this will in its entirety, but with no source.
  18. [S3054] Davis, Virginia Lee Hutchinson. Jamestowne Ancestors, 1607-1699 Commemoration of the 400th Anniversary of the Landing at James Towne 1607-2007 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2006), page 100.
  19. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 3.
  20. [S3026] Headley Jr., Robert K., compiler. Married Well and Often: Marriages of the Northern Neck of Virginia 1649-1800 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., 2003), page 365.
  21. [S5238] Tyler. "Washington & His Neighbors", page 34.
  22. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahfenatel of Stephen W. Turner containing this information without a source.
  23. [S2702] Find A Grave. Database and images; accessed 29 Jan 2019, memorial page for Capt William Hardwick (?-1694) at memorial page... Maintained by Karen Mickel Bennett; citing burial location unknown. A database submitted by individuals supposedly of cemetery internments, often from grave memorials or cemetery records and many times supplemented by other information, generally without identification of the sources except when a tombstone photo is included.
  24. [S3380] Neville, John Davenport, compiler. Bacon's Rebellion: Abstracts of Materials in the Colonial Records Project (Jamestown: The Jamestown Foundation, 1986), page 204, citing State Papers Domestic, 9-21 Apr 1676, S. P. 29/380 Survey Report 6263 (6602), item 181.
  25. [S3380] Neville. Bacon's Rebellion, page 54, citing Letters and papers Concerning American Plantations, 1 June 1676 - 7 Oct 1676, c. o. 1/37 Survey Report 658 (737), folio 133.
  26. [S3030] Dorman, John Frederick, abstractor. Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1675/6 - 1688/9: Part One 1676/6 - 1679 (Washington: J.F.D., 1982), pages 30, 38.
  27. [S2702] Find A Grave. Memorial page for Col John Washington, Sr (1632-1677) at memorial page....
  28. [S3207] Dorman, John Frederick, abstractor. Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1675/6-1688/9: Part Three 1682-1684 (Washington: J. F. D., 1985), page 10; citing page 269.
  29. [S3647] Sparacio, Ruth & Sam, abstractors. Virginia County Court Records: Richmond County, Virginia Orders 1707-1708 (McLean: The Antient Press, 1997), page 66, citing Order Book No. 4, 1704-1708, page 333.

Ann Pope1

F, #15302, b. circa 1638, d. 1668
FatherColonel Nathaniel Pope1 b. c 1610, d. b 26 Apr 1660
MotherLucy Fox2

Family

Colonel John Washington b. Feb 1632, d. b 26 Sep 1677
Child
Last Edited6 Oct 2018
     Ann Pope was born circa 1638, daughter of Colonel Nathaniel Pope and Lucy Fox, in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.2,3

     Ann married John Washington, 26, son of Rev. Lawrence Washington and Amphillis Twigden, on 1 December 1658 at Mattox, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony. He was in the same regiment as her father and was a Major at that time.

     According to the Washington Parish history, "as a wedding gift, Colonel Nathaniel Pope gave them a 700 acre tract of land on Bridge's Creek."4,5,6

     On 11 May 1659, Col. Pope conveyed to Anne the land on Hallowes' Creek he had purchased from Nicholas Hayward on 1 Nov 1658. It was one this property John and Anne established their first home and their children were born.7

     In 1661, Anne Pope Washington is listed in her patent of this year on the land she received from her father on 11 May 1659. She brought about 700 acres as dowry when she married John Washington. She also bought a tavern (used as a courthouse and a jail) to her marriage, remaining his first and only wife until her death.4

     Ann Washington died in 1668 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony,8 and was buried in Washington Family Cemetery, Oak Grove, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony. She is not listed among the interments at this cemetery. Therefore I am not certain it is correct.2

Citations

  1. [S665] Fothergill, Augusta, abstractor. Wills of Westmoreland County, Virginia 1654 - 1800 (n.p.: Appeals Press, 1925), page 3 and 4-5.
  2. [S2977] "Col. John (G-Grandfather To George) Washington & Descendants", online http://oursoutherncousins.com/Descendants%20of%20JOHN%20WASHINGTON%20&%20ANNE%20POPE.pdf, uploaded 7 Aug 2007, accessed 19 Aug 2011, verified site active 23 Jun 2019.
  3. [S3777] Barr, James Houston. Lt. Colonel Nathaniel Pope, c1610-1660 - Ancestor of Washington and Governors (Louisville, Kentucky: J.H.B., 2013), page 3, stating she was probably born at St. Mary's, Maryland.
  4. [S2977] "Col. John (G-Grandfather To George) Washington & Descendants", online http://oursoutherncousins.com/Descendants%20of%20JOHN%20WASHINGTON%20&%20ANNE%20POPE.pdf, accessed 19 Aug 2011, citing "Col. Nathaniel Pope and His Descendants," by Rev. G. W. Beale.
  5. [S2985] Beale, G. W.. "Col. Nathaniel Pope and His Descendants," William and Mary Quarterly, Series 1, vol. 12, no. 3 (Jan 1904): page 193, supplied information about regiment and current title.
  6. [S3013] Flemer Jr., Carl F.. Four Centuries of Little Known Washington Parish History (Richmond: Lewis Printing Co., 1991), page 5.
  7. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 4.
  8. [S2977] "Col. John (G-Grandfather To George) Washington & Descendants", online http://oursoutherncousins.com/Descendants%20of%20JOHN%20WASHINGTON%20&%20ANNE%20POPE.pdf, accessed 19 Aug 2011, citing "Col. Nathaniel Pope and His Descendants," by Rev. G. W. Beale but says she died in 1668 and on 26 Sep 1669 at Bridges Creek Plantation.

Colonel Nathaniel Pope1

M, #15303, b. circa 1610, d. before 26 April 1660

Family

Lucy Fox
Child
Last Edited2 Aug 2019
     Nathaniel was born circa 1610 in England.2

     I've found two possible Nathaniel Popes, both born in England. The first was the son of James, baptized/christened 2 Feb 1591, at Saint Clement, Danes, Westminster, London, England (FH Film #0,922,298). The second is Nathaniell, son of Raphe, baptized/christened 25 Mar 1593 at Hemel, Hempstead, Hertford, England (FHL Film #0,991,330). The other two men with this name were born too late to have settled in Maryland by 1637.3,4

     The cited author states he found the parish registers in Bristol, where Pope's son-in-law was buried, contain many entires about the Pope family beginning in 1585.2

     Circa 1637, he settled in St. Mary's Hundred, Maryland Colony, which was founded in 1634 by a grant of 12,000 square miles from Charles I of England to Cecil Calvert. Nathaniel Pope's estate is shown on the earliest map of St. Mary's between St. Mary's Bay and Chancellor's Creek an unknown place.1,2

     Nathaniel Pope married Lucy Fox. The marriage must have occurred after he emigrated.5,6

     On 25 January 1637, he was summoned to appear as a member of the Colonial Assembly of Maryland to be held on this date.2

     In February 1637, he is listed as one of 24 freemen who called for the grand Enquest before the Lieutenant General, Captain Robert Wintour and Mr. John Lewger, Secretry of the Maryland Council. They selected Marmaduke Snow, Gent., as the foreman.7

     He was elected as a burgess to the Maryland Assembly for the periods, 1637-38 and 1641-42 on account of his importance to the colony.2

     In 1639, his freehold was surveyed at being 1,000 acres - being one of the first 1,000 acre land grants.

     Although he grew tobacco, his primary interest was mercantile. He bought the products of the colonists in Maryland and Virginia and shipped them to his agents abroad. He imported all manner of supplies useful to the colonists. "If the tax re cords are an indication of his position in Maryland, he contributed more to the commercial success of that new colony than almost any man other than its Lord Proprietor," being three times larger than anyone else. He would have had to have capital in hand from the day he landed.2

     In January 1642, "Eod: Cyprian Thorowgood demandeth of Nathaniel Pope
           satisfaction for a trespasse done to the plf by killing the plfs
           swine to the damage of the plf to the value of 2000 l tob.
           warrt to warne Tho: Boys, Tho: white, Tho: baker (Pope's
           servt) John Cook, John norman, william Lafley, Edw: Ebbs: to
           be at Cort 1st febr. to testifie.
           warrt to warne defdt to answere retornab 1st febr. next" in Maryland Colony.8

     On 15 October 1642, he was one of the two men appointed to appraise the goods of John Cockshott, deceased. He is described as a "farmer."9 He delivered this inventory on 28 Oct 1642 at Maryland Colony.10

     In November 1642, "Nathaniel Pope acknowledgeth himselfe to owe
           to the Lord Proprietary one thousand wt of tob in
           case he shall kill any marked swine other then his owne or
           any swine at all in any his Lops forrests, without bringing both
           the eares with the skin betwixt of the swine so killed to the
           L. G. or Secretary within one month, after.
           mark of N nathaniel Pope
           License thervpon (sic) in forma consuet" in Maryland Colony.11

     In 1647, he was sent as agent to Kent Island.12 While there, "he attempted, as charged, to persuade the people there to come and live at Appomattox until they should become strong enough to seize the country again."13

     Circa 1648, he moved across the Potomac to the Colony of Virginia, possibly because of political and religious issues in Maryland.12

     "Nath Pope to the demand of blanch Oliver for 2 kine With
      Calf due by assumpsit Saith that if he did kill any of her Cattle
      or assume payment which he confesseth not yet he ought not
      to pay upon any Such Cause Such actions being taken away
      by Act of assembly.
      Mary Clocker Saith upon her Oath that in her presence
      Nathaniel Pope did promise to blanch Oliver that for an Ox of
      her's killed in their effort whether he lived or died he would
      give her Satisfaction and if he lived She Should have a Suffi-
      cient Cow and Calfe as any was in his penn and which Should
      be a quarter over and above better then her Oxe. And the
      Court found that the plt recover a good Cow Calfe as any was
      then in his penn, and for the other Cow and Calfe respited till
      first of March which Shall be 1647:

           In the Cause of Robert Kedger v: Nathan Pope, the Said
           Nathan Pope alleadged, that if Robt Kedger did any work it
           was to the use of the whole party then in Rebellion, and Soe
           is Cut off by the Act." . . . . . .

     "In the Cause of Nath Pope v: Tho Jackson the Defdt ac-
      knowledged 200 l tob to be due and the plt was therewith con-
      tented and the plt to pay Charge
      Nicholas Gwither demandeth of Nath Pope 200 l Tobacco
      due for hire for a voyage to Virginea about Septemb 1645.
      And the Said Nathan Saith that the employmt was in Ser-
      vice and to use of the Rebellion and therefore Cutt off by the
      Act:
      And the Court dismissed the Defdt without day." . . . . .

     "Barnaby Jackson demandeth of Nath: Pope 1540' tob Cask
      due for the price of 11 filches of Bacon of the plts used by the
      Defdt being deposited in his house by the plt for the Securing
      of them and contracted for Satisfaction
      Warrant Imediate
      And the Deft denied Such Contract and upon the plts Mocon
      the Cause Respited till the 1st of March" in Maryland Colony.14

     In 1650, the cited source states he patented 1,300 acres of land known as the Cliffs at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony. This land was to become part of Stratford Plantation where, many years later Robert E. Lee was born.15

(To see a map, click Nathaniel Pope Patent 1651)

     He received both political and military honors upon his arrival in the Virginia Colony. He was appointed a justice in the Northumberand Court for 1650--1652. When Westmoreland County was formed later, he was appointed a justice for 1653-1660. In 1655, he was appointed lieutenant colonel, the second in command of the miitary force in Westmoreland County. He was also a commissioner of the county and His Majesty's Justice.12

     On 4 October 1650, "Be it knowne unto all men by these prsents that I Nathaniell
      Pope of Apomattocks gent doe by these prsents make consti-
      tute and ordaine my welbeloved ffreind Willm Hardwich my
      true and lawfull Attorney for and in my name to aske demand
      and receive all such debts wch are due to mee in Maryland,
      and (vppon denyall) to sue pleade & ympleade in prison &
      out of prison, and whatsoever my Attorney doth I doe allowe
      of as if I my self were there personally Witnes my hand this
      4th day of October 1650
           Nathaniell Pope his Marke
      Testis Phillipp Silvestie david Anderson.
      Nathaniell Pope pite The Complte sues (by Willm Hardwich p.
      Jo: Halfhead deft his Attorney) for 15 dayes worke in leiwe of
      a Bricklayer lent the deft vppon promise to pay him soe many
      dayes worke againe. And the deft acknowledgeth the pltes
      Man worked with him but knowes not whether hee paid for it
      or not And the pltes Attorney being willing to referr it to the
      defts oath whether paid or not, the defts refused to take his oath,
      but referred it to the pltes oath and agreed to bee bound
      thereby. Wch the Court doth order accordingly, and for that
      purpose doth respite the further hearing of the Cause till the
      next Court
           Wm Eltonhead esqr prsent (cum cetris)" in Maryland Colony.16

     In 1651, he obtained a land patent for 1,050 acres at Cliffs at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.1,17,18

(To see a map of his property, click Nathaniel Pope Land 1656)

     On 10 January 1652, "gave his marke of hogges and cattle underkeel in both eares."1

     On 25 November 1652, the following letter was recorded in Northumberland County Record Book #14:
     "To his approved loveing friend Mr Nathaniel Pope at Appomattacks in Virginia
Loveing freind Mr Pope I kindly salute you with hope of your health as I bless God I am at this present
[.] Sr I writt you several lres that I had sent you some goods in Mr Webber by the way of New-England and that I would send you a good Cargo of goods by my man Richard Nicholls and I sent another by another servant of myne named Benjamin Stoane[.] you have heard I know of the casting away of Mr Webbers shipp in the coast of New-england and since that I have heard of the death of my servant Benjamin Stone but thanks be to God I heard that Richard Nicholas is safe arrived but I have not received any letters from him since that he came into your parts but what I have by som[.] that came from thence that wee have 15 saile of shipps that came about 14 dayes since into Portsmouth but are not as yet coem into our Downes[.] I haveing not as yet rec'd any lre from Rich: Nicholls causeth me to feare that all is not well with him but however I hope the best I desire the Lord to preserve him[.] I know that he hath soe much business on his hands by reason of Bens: death that it seemeth to me something difficult for him to goe through without the assistance of some friend[.] I hope that you have given him your best assistance of some friend and the rest that I deale with all did kee your Tobco for Richard Nicholls as I did desire you and them to doe in my former letters and Mr Webber the wch lres I hope you have received by Mr Thurstons shipp[.] Sir I did desire you to assist my servant as much as you would and I coud and would serve you here[.] Sr I have sent you in Mr Butlers a young man the wch I would desire you to take into your house and let him have meate and drinke and lodging and to imploy him in the best imployments that you shall see him capable of[.] I conceave that he wil be fitt to teach your Children for he can write a very good hand sifer ver well and is able to keepe your Accots if you conseave it meete[.] Sr I would desire you to take him till such time as you shall heare from me wch shal be by the next shipping God willing[.] his name is Samuel ottershed[.] I hope that my man hath made bold to have you overseer of my debts he hath left in the Country I would desire you to take care of it and to receive it into your custody for my use and I will give you content for your care and paines and you shall find me willing to serve you here in England[.] your brother hath sent you a lre by the young man named Sam: Mottershed[.] your father is well also[.] Thus in haste I comitt you to the protecon of the Almighty and rest your loveing freind in all hearty love and affeccon to serve ."
                Signed N_______ayward
                (Nicholas Hayward)
Rich: Nicholls, Attorney for Nicholas Hayward, to Nathaniel Pope to transact business in Virginia. Dated 15 Jul 1652. Signed Rich Nicoll. Witnesses: David Anderson, Alex Baineham. Recorded 25 Nov 1652 in Northumberlan County, Virginia.

     "I Samuel Mottershed aged 22 yeares or thereabouts sworne and examined saith That Mr Nicholas Hayward comeing downe to Gravsend came aboard in the morning and tooke me ashore and after some discourse pul'd out a l're and woud have given it me but tok a for-thinking and said he would take it backe lest he should have something more to write and said he would send it me more he bad me at our parting to remember him to Mr Pope and tell him that if his man Richard Nicholls were dead or coming into England that he would receave his Toco that were in debts and he would give him content and more to desire him to speake to his Customers to keepe their Tobco for him And further saith not."
                Signed Samuell Mottershed

     The abstractor, Beverly Fleet, seems to believe tha Samuel Mottershed was not the young man's real name and that he might have been an aristocrat fleeing the Civil War in England.19

     On 25 November 1652, Mr. Nathaniel Pope was one of the men present for the Court held in Northumberland County, Virginia. During this Court session, "Whereas Mr. Nathaniel Pope did introduce in Court a ____ Atturney made by Mr. Nicholas Hayward unto Richard ___ his servant now deceased as also a ___ by the said Mr. Hayward Directed to the said Mr. Pope and likewise an Assignment from the said Nicholas of his ___ of Atturney and the testimony and oath of Samuel Matthews had And desires the opinion of the Court whether an Acquittance given by the said Mr. Pope for Tobaco received for the use of the said Mr. Hayward was sufficient and legall by virtue of the writeings a foresaid receaved. It was the opinion of the Court that Mr Popes acquittance for the Tobaco received for the account of the said Mr. Hayward was sufficient and legall and doth discharge the ___ that pay the tobaco sufficiently."

     Also: "The Court orders that Mr Nathaniel Pope have an attachment 'against the estate of Thomas Allens decd in the hands of Thomas Youll for the satisfaction of ffive pounds of fowerteene ounces of Beanes by Bill' and 38 pounds of tabaco upon account. 'and that notice be given to Tho Youlle'" in Northumberland County, Virginia Colony.20

     On 20 January 1652/53, in this session of Northumberland County Court: "The estate of Thomas Allen, deceased, owing Mr. Nathaniel Pope two pounds of beans, the Court orders that Thoams Youll make payment from the estate."

     In the same session of the Court, "The Court doth order that Mr Nathaniel Pope Atturney of Mr Nicholas Hayward of London mercht shall out of the said Mr Haywards estate make ___ payment of 2000 lb of tobo and Caske unto Mr Walter Brodhurst for being General Atturney of the said Mr Hayward in the yeare 1661 x x."

     Also: "Whereas there was a difference depending between James Claughton pltf and Mr Nathaniel Pope deft cncerning a bill of Three Cowes wee finde the Bill not be Authenticke the said Pope alleadging none est factum and the said Claughton being not able to make proofs thereof wee do therefore aware the said Pope to be cleere of the aforesaid Bill and that the said Claughton ought to pay the Charges of the Court." Signed by 12 jurors at Northumberland County, Virginia Colony.21

     On 20 January 1652/53, Mr. Nathaniel Pope of Northumberland County records his mark for cattle in Northumberland County, Virginia Colony.22

     On 10 March 1652/53, Pope was made administrator of the estate of John Cooke, deceased Cum Testamente. The will was proved by Abraham Jerman, witness.

     The will of John Cooke, dated 6 Aug 1652, "living upon upon Appamatacke" left Becca Ryall a cow and a calf with the rest of the estate going to "his welbeloved Mr Nathaniel Pope." Signed with his mark and witnessed by Richard Nicoll and Abraham Jerman at Northumberland County, Virginia Colony.23

     On 20 September 1653, after being ordered to pay Daniel Clocker 350 pounds of tobacco out of the estate of John Cooke, Pope rendered an accounting and it was ordered that he have a Quietus est.24

     On 23 May 1654, "Mr Nathaniell Pope, by William Johnson his
           attorney demandeth Six hundred and Sixty pounds of Tobacco
           & Caske out of the Estate of ffrancis Posey deceased" in Maryland Colony.25

     On 4 April 1655, he was commissioned Lieut. Colonel of Westmoreland Troops at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.1,26

     In 1656, "Colonel Nathaniel Pope offered to go security for John Washington 'in beaver skins.27'"

     In 1657, "Nathll Pope plft Whereas mr Nathaniell Pope arrested to
           willm Robinson deft this Court William Robinson in an Action of
           debt and whereas the Said Robinson doth neither by himself
           nor his Attorney appeare, The Court doth order that if the
           Sheriffe doe not at the next Court Cause the Said Robinson to
           appear in this action then order to pass against the Sheriff for
           what the Said mr Pope Shall then make appear from the Said
           Robinson with Such Cost and Damages as then the Court
           Shall think fitt

           Nathanll Pope plft Whereas mr Nathaniell Pope arrested to this
           Edward Hall deft Court Edward Hall for a debt of one thousand
           five hundred and ten pounds of Tobacco and Caske due by two
           Specialties the one bearing date the 28 of December 1651
           payable the tenth of November next Ensuing the date thereof
           the other bill bearing date the 28th of December 5 1 payable the
           10th of novr 1653 and the Said Hall appearing by his Attorney
           who acknowledged the debt, The Court doth order that the
           Said Hall Shall Satisfie the Said one thousand five hundred
           and ten pounds of Tobacco and Caske with three hundred and
           Ninety pounds of Tob for forbearance with Cost of Suit or else
           Execution.

           Nathanil Pope plft Whereas it appears to this Court that
           Abram Holman Attorney Thomas Hawkins Standeth indebted unto
           of Thom: Hawkins deft mr Nathaniell Pope in the Sume of one
           Thousand 53 pounds of Tobacco and Caske due by Specialty
           bearing date the first of may 1655 payable the tenth of
           November next Ensuing and the Said Hawkins appearing by
           his Attorney Abraham Holman, who hath Confessed a Judg-
           ment in the behalf of the Said Hawkins, The Court doth order
           that the Said Hawkins Shall Satisfie the Said debt of one
           Thousand fiftie three pounds of Tobacco and Caske with one
           hundred twenty Six pounds of Tob: for forbearance with Cost
           of Suit or else Execution
           Nathanll Pope plft Whereas it appeareth to this Court that
           Rich Watson deft Richard Watson Standeth indebted unto mr
           Nathaniell Pope in the Sume of nine hundred and ninetie
           pounds of Tobacco and Caske as by Bill appeareth, and the
     Said Watson appearing by his Attorny Capt Waring who Liber B.
      confessed Judgmt The Court doth order that the Said Watson No. 3.
      Shall Satisfie the Said Nine hundred and ninety pounds of
      Tobacco with one hundred and Sixteen pounds of Tobacco for
      forbearance & Cost of Suit or Else Execucon" in Maryland Colony.28

     On 20 October 1657, "Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope has sold to Robt Cole a cow and calf of his son Nathaniel Pope which were given him by Thomas Thursden and also a cow and calf of his daughter Margaret given her by Thursden. Now gives the children cattle to replace that sold. Signed by Nathaniel Pope. Witnesses: Tho Speke and Walter Brodhurst. Acknowledged and recorded 20 Oct 1657" at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.29

     In 1658, John Washington married Colonel Pope's daughter, Anne, and "as a wedding gift, Colonel Nathaniel Pope gave them a 700 acre tract of land on Bridge's Creek at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.30

     On 1 November 1658, he bought of Nicholas Hayward 700 acres of land farther west on Hallowes' Creek out of Mattox which he later conveyed to Anne.31

     On 11 May 1659, "Nathaniel Pope, Gent., of Westmoreland County to Mr. John Dodman and Willm Harich in trust for my daughter Ann Pope alias Washington. For divers good causes. All my right and title in this patent.
                Nathaniel Pope
Wit: Vallentine Peyto, James Balldridge
Acknowledged 11 May 1659 at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.32

     Colonel Nathaniel Pope left a will dated on 16 May 1659 in Appomattox, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.
     "IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN. I Nathaniel Pope of Appomattox in the county of Westmoreland in the Colony of Virginia Gentlemen being in perfect mind and memory and having a resolution to go to England this present shipping and knowing the dangers of the seas as affairs now stand and the uncertainty of man's life Therefore I make this my last will and Testament in manner & form following. IMPRIMIS I give and bequeath my soul into the hands of Almighty God my most merciful and loving father hoping through the death passion and resurrection of Jesus Christ my alone Savior and redeemer he will receive it into everlasting happiness after this miserable life is ended, and as for my body I submit it to be disposed of as God pleaseth whether by land or water. And as for that portion of Estate and goods which God of his mercy hath blessed me with all in this life I give and bequeath as followeth. IMPRIMIS I give and bequeath unto my son Thomas Pope that my land and plantation situate upon the Clifts to him and his heirs forever. ITEM, I give unto the said Thomas Pope five cows or heifers to be delivered unto him when he shall come to the age of one and twenty years or day of marriage which shall first happen. ITEM, I give and bequeath unto my son Nathaniel Pope all that land and plantation whereon I now live and am seated with all the buildings and edifices thereunto belonging to him and his heirs forever. And if in case my son Thomas shall die, whom I do make my whole and sole Executor of this my last will and Testament, then my will and meaning is that my son Nathaniel shall survive him to be my whole and sole executor. ITEM, I give unto my son Nathaniel Pope aforesaid more that my whole seat of and lying at the head of Appomattox creek as by patent will appear containing by estimation one thousand and fifty acres be it more or less to him and his heirs forever. And further it is my will and desire that my wife Lucy Pope shall have my whole aforementioned seat of land whereon I now live and none other with the servants and cattle and goods thereunto belonging so long as please God she shall Live. And inc ase my wife should marry then my will and meaning is that my Executor shall give her twenty thousand weight of Tobacco and Cash and the aforesaid goods and cattle and land given to my aid wife to go to my said executor. ITEM, I give unto my son in law John Washington that sum of money which he stands indebted unto me by a bill under his hand for the said money containing eighty pounds sterling. ITEM, I give unto my son Thomas one mare. ITEM, I give unto my son Nathaniel one mare. ITEM, I do give unto my son in law John Washington one mare. I do give unto my son in law William Hardridge one stone horse. And I further do desire my son Thomas my Executor to ay unto my son in law William Hardich two hundred pounds that I stand engaged to him for ot of my estate in England to be paid at demand and what of my estate shall be left undisposed of I do give unto my Executor /thomas Pope for all manner of bills, bonds, accounts, debts, chattle, chattles, and household stuff and all whatsoever moveables and of my estate undisposed of I do give unto my son Thomas and son Nathaniel to be equally divided between them both to be divided when the eldest of them shall come to age. In Witness that this is my last will and Testament I the said Nathaniel Pope have set to my hand and seal [this date]                    Nathaniel Pope (SEAL)
          Signed sealed and Delivered to be the last will and Testament of Nathaniel Pope in the present of John Rosier, Lawrence Washington, John Washington, William Hardich."33,34

     He made his son-in-law, John Washington, the guardian for his two sons who were under age twenty-one at the time of his death.35

     He died before 26 April 1660 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.
     Find A Grave does not have a burial listing for him as of 2 Feb 2019.33

     His estate was probated on 26 April 1660 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.33

     His estate was inventoried on 14 May 1660 at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony, Total valuation £395.0.1.
The servants: Richard Higdon, Willm. Robinson and Eliza. Norton ,Robt Hedges and Edward Pickery; John Coster, John Butler and Robert Owen; Jasper Bennet, Isaack Berkly and Willm. Staple; John Waller, Charles Coskett; Richard Taylor, Dorcas Rose.
Debts by bill [due from] George Weeden, Richard Cole, William Empson, William Robinon, Christopher Butler, Richard Browne Gent., Gervase Dodson, Rice Maddocks, Phillep Silvester, Stephen Norman, Elias Blake, Francis Grey, David Philleps, Robert Wiatt, David Anderson, John Withers, John Walton.
Inventory of cattle.
Two beds delivered, one to Thomas Pope, the other to Nathaniell Pope with rugs which were not appraised.
John Dodman
Willm. Peirce
Augustine Hull
17 May 1660. Sworn by Mr. John Washington (guardian of Mr. Pope's children.)36

     Within this inventory were sixteen indentured white English servants, 860 "ells of Lockeram" valued at £84, a boat and cannon, 40 cows, yearlings and heifers, 50 sows and barrows, 60 silver buttos, one pair of silvers, one silver bowl and 12 silver spooks. The debts due him amounted to 20,653 pounds of tobacco.35

Citations

  1. [S2985] Beale, G. W.. "Col. Nathaniel Pope and His Descendants," William and Mary Quarterly, Series 1, vol. 12, no. 3 (Jan 1904): page 192.
  2. [S3777] Barr, James Houston. Lt. Colonel Nathaniel Pope, c1610-1660 - Ancestor of Washington and Governors (Louisville, Kentucky: J.H.B., 2013), page 1.
  3. [S3019] "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JW6L-XJC: accessed 12 Sep 2011), Nathaniel Pope, 02 Feb 1591; citing Saint Clement Danes, Westminster, London, England, reference; FHL microfilm 1,042,327.
  4. [S3019] "Eng. Births & Christngs., 1538-1975," FamilySearch, Nathaniell Pope, 25 Mar 1593; citing Hemel Hempstead, Hertford, England, reference; FHL microfilm 991,330, accessed 12 Sep 2011.
  5. [S2977] "Col. John (G-Grandfather To George) Washington & Descendants", online http://oursoutherncousins.com/Descendants%20of%20JOHN%20WASHINGTON%20&%20ANNE%20POPE.pdf, uploaded 7 Aug 2007, accessed 19 Aug 2011, verified site active 23 Jun 2019.
  6. [S2985] Beale. "Col. Nathaniel Pope & Descend.", page 192, does not know her surname, calling her Lucy or Luce as in will.
  7. [S3193] Browne, William Hand, abstractor, Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1650, 4 (Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1887), online http://aomol.net/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/html/volumes.html, page 21, citing Liber Z, page 43; accessed 10 Feb 2012.
  8. [S3193] Browne, Judicial & Testamentary, 1637-1650, 4, page 174, citing Liber P. R., accessed 10 Feb 2012.
  9. [S3193] Browne, Judicial & Testamentary, 1637-1650, 4, page 72, citing Liber Z; accessed 10 Feb 2012.
  10. [S3193] Browne, Judicial & Testamentary, 1637-1650, 4, page 85, citing Liber Z, page 144; accessed 10 Feb 2012.
  11. [S3193] Browne, Judicial & Testamentary, 1637-1650, 4, page 146, citing Liber P.R., page 52; accessed 10 Feb 2012.
  12. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 2.
  13. [S5238] Tyler, Lyon G.. "Washington and His Neighbors," William and Mary Quarterly, Series 1, vol. 4, no. 1 (1895): page 37.
  14. [S3192] Browne, William Hand, abstractor. Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1649/50-1657, 10 (Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1891), online http://aomol.net/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/html/volumes.html, pages 96-98, Liber B, citing pages 214, 216; accessed 10 Feb 2012.
  15. [S3013] Flemer Jr., Carl F.. Four Centuries of Little Known Washington Parish History (Richmond: Lewis Printing Co., 1991), page 3.
  16. [S3192] Browne. MD Judicial & Test Bus, 1649/50-1657, 10, http://aomol.net/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/html/volumes.html, page 39; accessed 10 Feb 2012.
  17. [S3013] Flemer Jr.. Washington Parish Hist., page 3, states he patented 1,300 acres of land known as the Cliffs which was to become part of Stratford Plantation.
  18. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 2, states he received his patent in 1651 for 1,050 acres at Cliffs Plantation, to which he added 500 acres in 1656.
  19. [S3331] Fleet, Beverly, abstractor. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Northumberland County Records 1652-1655, II (Richmond, Virginia: B. F., c1938), pages 87, 88; citing Record Book #14, pages 11, 12 respectively.
  20. [S3331] Fleet. Northumberland Co., VA County Recds, 1652-1655, v. 2, II, pages 8, 11. 12; citing Order Book #2, pages 5, 6, 7 respectively.
  21. [S3331] Fleet. Northumberland Co., VA County Recds, 1652-1655, v. 2, II, pages 17, 18, 20; citing Order Book #2, pages 9, 10, respectively.
  22. [S3331] Fleet. Northumberland Co., VA County Recds, 1652-1655, v. 2, II, page 98; citing Record Book #14, page 20.
  23. [S3331] Fleet. Northumberland Co., VA County Recds, 1652-1655, v. 2, II, page 21, 102; citing Order Book #2, page 11 and Record Bookk #14, page 23.
  24. [S3331] Fleet. Northumberland Co., VA County Recds, 1652-1655, v. 2, II, pages 29, 11, citing Order Book #2, page 15 and Record Book #14, pages 35-36 with a full accounting.
  25. [S3192] Browne. MD Judicial & Test Bus, 1649/50-1657, 10, http://aomol.net/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/html/volumes.html, page 382, Liber B, citing page 596; accesssed 10 Feb 2012.
  26. [S3005] Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1988), page 239.
  27. [S3347] Haynie, Miriam. The Stronghold: A Story of Historic Northern Neck of Virginia and Its People (Richmond: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1959), page 44.
  28. [S3192] Browne. MD Judicial & Test Bus, 1649/50-1657, 10, http://aomol.net/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/html/volumes.html, pages 520-521, Liber B, citing pages 299-301; accesssed 10 Feb 2012.
  29. [S3014] Fleet, Beverly, abstractor. Virginia Colonial Abstracts: Westmoreland County 1653-1657, 23 (Richmond: B. F., 1945), page 78; citing page 86.
  30. [S3013] Flemer Jr.. Washington Parish Hist., page 5.
  31. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 4.
  32. [S3664] Dorman, John Frederick, abstractor. Westmoreland County, Virginia Deeds & Wills No. 5, 1712-1716 (Washington: J. F. D., 1989), page 30, citing Deeds & Wills 1, page 88.
  33. [S665] Fothergill, Augusta, abstractor. Wills of Westmoreland County, Virginia 1654 - 1800 (n.p.: Appeals Press, 1925), page 3 and 4-5.
  34. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 3 ,to which I'm indebted for a transcription of the entire will.
  35. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 3.
  36. [S3664] Dorman. Westmoreland Co., VA Deeds & Wills, 1712-1716, page 54, citing pages 8a-10a [5a-7a].

Martha (--?--)1

F, #15309, d. before 1738

Family 1

Francis Wright b. b 1663, d. bt 28 May 1713 - 24 Jun 1713

Family 2

John Howell
Last Edited19 Sep 2019
     
The Problem of Martha's Surname

     Most sources claim her surname was Cox and her father Vincent Cox, claiming he named her in his will. However, Vincent Cox left a will which does NOT name her and all records point to his having only daughters Winifred (married Matthew Rust); Ann (probably married Robert Boggess; and possibly Jane, who married Henry Bogges.

     However, this cited source claims her surname was Cox and that she was named in Vincent's will, dated 5 Jul 1698 and proven 26 Oct 1698. Vincent Cox, Sr. of Cople Parish, Westmoreland bequeathed 300 acres of land to his son, Carnock (Charnock) Cox, 346 acres and his home plantation to his son Vincent Cox, 370 acres to his son Thomas Cox and small gifts to his three daughters, Martha Cox, Ann, and Elizabeth all being adults.2

     Vincent Cox, Sr., came from England and secured in 1664 a grant of 400 acres of land in Westmoreland, and, in 1667, 665 acres additional.]3 The will of Martha Cox's brother, Charnock Cox, dated March 3, and proved March 26, 1751, names, - among other children, his son Presley Cox4 whose bond of December 17, 1723, for a license to marry Mary, daughter of Henry Fleet of Lancaster County, is filed in the latter county. Martha Cox was a few years younger than Francis Wright, and, so, bore him one child, the son, Richard Wright. The Wright and Cox families, having thus joined, the associated continued and was repeated in the two marriages, first, of the said Martha's grandson, Francis Wright, to her nephew Presley Cox's daughter, Mary Fleet Cox; and, secondly, in the marriage of the said Martha's granddaughter, Elizabeth Wright, to Fleet Cox the said Martha's grandnephew. It was Martha's grandnephew, Peter Presley Cox, who became godfather to her grandson Francis Wright's sons Richard Wright and Presley Wright. Francis Wright was the executor of the will of Martha's nephew Presley Cox.56
     Martha (--?--) married Francis Wright after 1707. The marriage obviously occurred after Anne Washington Wright's death which apparently happened sometime in 1707. Martha's surname has not been proven.7

     On 24 June 1713, Mrs. Martha Wright, relict of Francis Wright, Gent., made oath that Francis died without a will. A certificate was granted her for obtaining letters of administration, John Bushrod, Richard Kenner and Francis Spencer were securites. John Awbrey, William Chandler, Danll: Tebbs and Francis Attwell were ordered to appraise the estate at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.8,9

     Martha Wright married John Howell before 1 April 1714.10

     On 1 April 1714, judgment is granted to Thomas Nicolls against John Howell and his wife Martha, administratrix of the goods and chattels of Francis Wright, for 891 pounds of tobacco due by account, with costs.10

     On 29 September 1714, the Court commanded John Sturman, Gent., Sheriff, that he should summon Francis Spencer to answer John Howell and Martha his wife, administratrix of the goods and chattells that were of Francis Wright, Gent., deceased, of a plea of debt for 14,000 pounds of tobacco due by obligation. The Sheriff returned cepi corpus. For that the defendant failed to appeare and oi baile being return'd, conditional order passed against the Sheriff for the debt. An attachment is granted him against the defendant's estate.11

     On 28 April 1715, judgment is granted Francis Spencer against John Howell and Martha his wife, administratrix of Francis Wright, for 556 pounds of tobacco due by account. Orered they pay the same with costs.12

     On 28 March 1717, William Cheamley, surviving executor of the estate of George Downing late of the Island of Barbadoes, dec'd obtained a judgement against John Howell and Martha his wife Adm. of the Goods & Chattells that were of Francis Wright, gentl. dec'd for 78 pounds 8 shillings sterling due him on balance of acccounts between the said Downing and Wright, thus disclosing that he latter carried on trading with the West Indies.13

     Martha Howell died before 1738.
     Find A Grave does not have a burial listing for her as of 12 May 2019.14

     On 9 August 1744, (in an ejectment in the General Court between Francis Wright, an infant son of Richard Wright, dec'd. and Thomas McFarland, plaintiffs, and Henry Lee, Gent., defendant) John Kennedy, aged 46, in his deposition said that 15 years ago he was overseer for Colo. Henry Lee at the plantation where John Wright formerly lived near the land now in dispute; that he asked John Howell who had married the mother of Richard Wright [half-brother of John Wright] and with whom the said Richard Wright then lived, being a boy he might not commit a trespass upon any of the neighbours' lands . . . and Gerrard Davis who married a sister of said Richard Wright came to the house of the deponent . . .15

Citations

  1. [S2968] Frost, W. W. The Frosts and Related Families of Bedford County, Tennessee (Knoxville: W. W. F., 1962), page 72; accessed 16 Aug 2011, mistakenly give her surname as Cox, the daughter of Vincent Cox . Mr. Frost states that the information on the Wright and related families for four generations comes from "Some Descendants of Richard Wright, Gentleman of London, England, and Northumberland, Virginia," published in 1919 Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Volume 1, pages 127 and 177 and from "the Washington-Wright Connection and Some Descendants of Major Francis and Anne (Washington) Wright, published in three volumes in 1923 as The Washington Ancestry . . and Forty Related Families." Both the article and the book were written by Charles Arthur Hoppin a genealogist of note.
  2. [S230] Drewa, Vernon, "Email, Vernon Drewa," e-mail message from e-mail address to Toby Turner, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnenfatel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland Deeds & Wills, No.2.
  3. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnenfatel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Northern Neck Grants 5-141; 6-68.
  4. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnenfatel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland Wills & Deeds No. XI.
  5. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnenfatel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland Wills & Deeds No. 12; William & Mary Quarterly, XXI, 264[CIT] While we cannot digress to enter further in to the Cox family, it may be well to observe another incident that directly indicates that Francis Wright was closely related to Charnock Cox, brother of Martha, viz.:
    When, early in 1713, Samuel Damorvel sued Charnock Cox and the sheriff, Francis Wright, Gent., was thus expected, in serving the summons, to effect the arrest and require bail for the release of the defendant, as was usual, Sheriff Wright did not arrest and obtain a bail bond to assure the appearance of Cox to answer Damorvel and to satisfy a possible verdict against the defendant. Doubtless, these two brothers-in-law, Wright and Cox, knew, between themselves, that they could depend upon each other, regardless of what may have been their ideas as to the merits of the Suit. The sheriff took a chance. Ordinarily he ran but little risk in so doing with his wife's brother. Singularly, however, the sheriff died before the suit was tried. Thus Damorvel, the plaintiff, found himself without a hold upon the defendant. His recourse, therefore, was to claim damages against the estate of the deceased sheriff, Francis Wright; and the new sheriff, John Sturman, Gent., served upon the administratrix the notice of the action for damages against the said estate. No further record appearing, the case was otherwise disposed of..
  6. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnenfatel of Stephen W. Turner with this information.
  7. [S3188] Beverly, Ralph and Catherine. Colonial Families of the Northern Neck of Virginia, 3 (Lewes: Colonial Roots, 2007), page 189-190, citing Westmoreland County DWP, 1707-9:174-175.
  8. [S3188] Beverly. Colonial Fams of Northern Neck VA, 3, page 190, citing Westmoreland County Order Book 1705-21:216.
  9. [S3205] Dorman, John Frederick, abstractor. Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1705-1721: Part Four 1711-1713 (Falmouth: J. F. D., 1992), page 81; citing Orders 1711-1713, page 216.
  10. [S3206] Dorman, John Frederick, abstractor. Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1705-1721: Part Five 1713-1715 (Falmouth: J. F. D., 1992), page 31; citing Orders 1713-1715, page 238.
  11. [S3206] Dorman. Westmoreland Co., VA Order Bk. 1713-1715, page 55; citing Orders 1713-1715, page 252.
  12. [S3206] Dorman. Westmoreland Co., VA Order Bk. 1713-1715, page 81; citing Orders 1713-1715, page 266.
  13. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnenfatel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland Court Orders, &c, 1705-1721, pages 295d and 310.
  14. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnenfatel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland Deeds & Wills, No. 8.-2, page 589.
  15. [S3188] Beverly. Colonial Fams of Northern Neck VA, 3, page 190, citing Westmoreland County Deeds & Wills Book 1744-1748.

John Howell1

M, #15312

Family

Martha (--?--) d. b 1738
Last Edited4 Oct 2018
     John Howell married Martha Wright before 1 April 1714.2

     He was one of the late Francis Wright's employees.1

     His estate was probated on 31 October 1738 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony. The will, undated, bequeathed all to his son, John Howell, when twenty-one and daughter Martha Attwell. Their mother Martha was then dead and their father John had married secondly, Winnifred (--?--).3

Citations

  1. [S2968] Frost, W. W. The Frosts and Related Families of Bedford County, Tennessee (Knoxville: W. W. F., 1962), page 72; accessed 16 Aug 2011 . Mr. Frost states that the information on the Wright and related families for four generations comes from "Some Descendants of Richard Wright, Gentleman of London, England, and Northumberland, Virginia," published in 1919 Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Volume 1, pages 127 and 177 and from "the Washington-Wright Connection and Some Descendants of Major Francis and Anne (Washington) Wright, published in three volumes in 1923 as The Washington Ancestry . . and Forty Related Families." Both the article and the book were written by Charles Arthur Hoppin a genealogist of note.
  2. [S3206] Dorman, John Frederick, abstractor. Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1705-1721: Part Five 1713-1715 (Falmouth: J. F. D., 1992), page 31; citing Orders 1713-1715, page 238.
  3. [S230] Drewa, Vernon, "Email, Vernon Drewa," e-mail message from e-mail address to Toby Turner, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnenfatel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland Deeds & Wills, No. 8.-2, page 589.