Colonel John Washington1

M, #15301, b. 1634, d. before 26 September 1677
FatherRev. Lawrence Washington1,2 b. 1602, d. Jan 1652/53
MotherAmphillis Twigden1,2 b. bet 1601-1602, d. c 1654

Family 1

Ann Pope b. c 1638, d. 1668
Child

Family 2

Ann Gerard

Family 3

Frances Gerard b. 1637, d. 1696
Last Edited30 Dec 2020
     Colonel John Washington was born in 1634, son of Rev. Lawrence Washington and Amphillis Twigden. In order to administer the estate of his father, he had to be at least 21 years of age. Other sites place him born in 1632 (before his parents married which is unlikely) or 1633. I believe 1634 to be a safe year of birth.3,4

     On 18 June 1635, Andrew Knowling's will of this date names a son-in-law, William Roades, and three daughters-in-law (probably step-daughters): Elizabeth Fitzherbert, Susan Billing, deceased, and Amphillis Washington.

     Andrew Knowling left his freehold lands in Tring to Lawrence Washington, son of Amphillis. He also named John, William, Elizabeth, Margaret, and Martha, five other children of hers and appointed John Dagnall of Gove, in the parish of Tring, yeoman, his overeseer.

     The parish register of Tring reveals that the father of these children was Mr. Lawrence Washington. University records reveal that there was only one Mr. Lawrence Washington, Master of Arts, alive in England and he was the Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford.5

     In 1640, he was enrolled in a prestigious education program at Sutton's Hospital in London based on a nomination by King Charles I of England.1

     Circa 1654, after his mother's death, he went to London, probably taking his brother, Lawrence, with him.1

     In 1656, already married for the first time, he sailed for Virginia as mate and voyage partner of Edward Prescott, owner of the Sea Horse of London. His first wife died sometime prior to his marriage to Ann Pope.1,6,7

     On 21 January 1655/56, he witnessed a Power of Attorney from Ed Streator to John Sharpe. Recorded 17 Jun 1656 at Lancaster County, Virginia Colony.8

     On 8 February 1655/56, John Washington swore to the administration of his mother's estate as the eldest and lawful son of Amphillis Washington late of Tring in the Couty of Hertford dec'd.

     "February 1655 The Eighth day Lres of adcon yssued forth to John Washington the nrall and lawfull sone of Amphillis Washington late of Tring in the County of Hertford decd to adster the goodes Chells and debtes of the said decd Hee beeing first sworne truly to adster &c." Admon. Act Book (P. C. C.), 42.9

     In 1657, "the English merchantman Seahorse, out of London, foundered in the Potomac River after leaving Colonial Nathaniel Pope's wharf. The Seahorse was refloated and brought into Mattox Creek for repairs. The ship's Second Officer was John Washington. Washington was quartered at Colonel Nathaniel Pope's while the Seahorse was being repaired. When the Seahorse was ready to sail again, John Washington decided to remain in the Virginia colony, in order to be near Pope's daughter, Anne."

     "John prevailed on Edward Prescott, the master and part owner of the Seahorse, to release him from further service in order that he might remain in the Northern Neck of Virginia. He also demanded payment of his wages. Prescott countered that Washington owned him money and was partly resposible for the damage done to the vessel. He threatened to have John arrested and imprisoned." Nathaniel Pope offered to act as security for his bond in beaver skins. It is unknown if there was an actual lawsuit, but Prescott sailed away and Washington remained. This was not the end of the bad relations between the men, however.10

On 20 May 1657 the following interrogatories were recorded in Westmoreland County:

Mr Washington               Interrgatories for- Mr William Meare and Jacob
agt Interrogatories                Inkson and some other witnesses that shall be                          presented by John Washinton
.
That wether or no Edward Prescott did send a letter to John Washington in England and what was in it menconed

That wether or noe yeee know that John Washington did goe over to him by ye request of ye said letter & whether he was at his owne expense

That wether or noe that after ye arrival of ye said John Washington did Assist him in Dansicke ashoare & aboard by ye said Edward Prescotts Ordr

That wether or noe that after ye ship lay in Dansicke roade that John Washington lay aboard on ye said Prescott's occasion

That wether or noe that when ye said ship on her voyage towards lubeck that ye said John Washington did take halfe watch night & day & assisted ye sailing of her to Lubeck there remained aboard by Mr. Prescotts ordr in his pticular business & that he did business for him there ashoare and from thence in like maner to Kopenhaven

That whether or noe yee know that ye said Washington was sent from KopenHaven to Elsinore over land to see some Tobacco & whether or noe he gave him an account of it

That whether or noe when ye ship was cleared from Elsinore to Virginie ye said John Washington did take halfe watch to Virginie & assisted as second man in sailing her to Virginie

That whether or noe ye known that after Mr Prescott's arrival in Virginie whether he did Assist him in his business until she was cast away

That whether or noe yee know that John Washington assisted him in saveing or her

That whether or noe yee know that after she was saved ye said John Washington settled himself in Virginie by consent of ye said Prescott

That whether or noe yee that there was a note demanded by ye said John Washington concerning whether he had given him anything in Account of Copartnershipp & what he answered fowre or five dayes before he sett saile out of Patomacke river

That one Sunday afterwards he bing a shoare what he Answered concerning ye said note & whether John Washington would have stopped him by ordr of Law had it not been Sunday & mr Pope engaged himself that if ye said John Washington did owe ye said Pr Prescott anything he would give him ready paymt in Beaver

That whether or noe yee known that ye said Edward Prescott went (?) ashore soe that ye said John Washington Attached his boate by Ordr of Law until he should make his appearance & to come to an Account with ye said John Washington

That whether or noe yee know that said Edward Prescott had notice sent him of his boate being stopt for his appearance & at his appearance she would be released

That whether or noe yeee know that John Washington had some speckled stuffe in ye Shipp that Mr Prescott had some of them in possession & that he recovered some Tobacco wh(ere) John Washington had solde some

That whether or noe ye know that John Washington gave Edward Prescott an account in writing in Potomacke River concerning some money disbursed in ye East Country by ye said John Washington11

On the same day the following responses were recorded for William Meares:
Wm Meares     :
Answeare To ye :     William Meare aged 32 yeares or thereabouts swome
Interrogatories:      and examined saith

To ye 1 in:ry Hee this depont saith That hee saw a Ire come from Mr Edward Prescott to Mr John Washington in Ano (56) or thereabouts wherein Mr Prescott did desire ye said Mr Washingto come over to dansicke to him & bring nothing with him & he ye said Prescott did promise him ye said Washington to advance him in part with him in his voyage

To ye 2 Inry this depont saith that ye said Washington went over to ye said Prescott by his request to dansicke & did beare his owne charge

To ye 4:th ln:ry this depot saith Hee ye said Washington did Assist ye said Prescott at dansicke a shoare & aboard by Order from ye said Prescott

To ye 5 ln:ry this depont saith hee ye said Washington did assiste said Prescott in sayieing ye Vesseil to Lubeck & there remained by ye said Prescott's ordr in his pticular business & in like maner did Assist him ye said Prescott in sayieing his Vesseil to Kopen-haven

To ye 6 in:ry this depont saith that he ye said Washington was sent from KopenHaven by ye said Prescott to Elsinore over Land to sell Tobco for him ye said Prescott & that ye Washington gave ye said Prescott an account of it soe solde

To ye 7 ln:ry this depont saith that he ye said John Washington did after ye Vessell was cleared from Elsinore to Virginia keepe'halfe watch on ye voyage to Virginia & did assist him as second man sayleing ye Vessell to Virginia

To ye 8 ln:ry this depont saith that after Mr Prescott's arrival in Virginia ye said Washington did Assist him ye said Prescott in his business till ye Vessell cast away

To ye 9 ln:ry this depont saith that ye said Mr Washington assisted ye said Prescott in saveing of his vessel

To ye 10 ln:ry this depont saith that after ye vessel was saved ye said Mr Washington settled himselfe in Virginia by consent of ye said Prescott

To ye 11th ln:ry this depont saith that he heard Mr Washington demand a note of ye said Prescott concerning ye Account of Co-partnershipp fowre of five dayes before ye said ship did sayle out of Potomack River & yt said Prescott did not deny to give ye said Washington a note

To ye 12"' ln:ry this depont saith that ye said Prescott was on shoare at Mr Pope's house on ye Sunday before he ye said Prescott sette saile with him ship and ye said Prescott Answred ye said Washington that there was some money betweene them due from Mr Washington to him ye said Prescott & that he would give him ye said Washington nothing in Account of copartnership & this depont further saith that ye said Washington would have stopped ye said ship by ordr of law had it not bene Sunday & also futher this depont saith that Nathaniel Pope engaged himselfe that if ye saide Washington did owe ye said Prescott anything he ye said Mr Pope would give ye said Prescott ready paymt in Beaver at eight shillings per pound

To ye 13 Inry (this depont sai) that ye said Edward Prescott whent (aboard his) vessel & came no more on shoare soe that ye said Washington Attached ye said Prescott's Boate by Ordr of law until hee ye said Prescott should make his appearance to come to Account with ye said Washington

To ye 14"' Inry this depont saith that he ye said depont knew that ye (said Edward Prescott had notice) sent him that his Boate was stopped (for his appearance & that) at Mr Prescotts appearance ye Boate should be released

To ye 15'" Inry this depont saith that Mr Washington bought some speckled suff of ye carpenter belonging to ye Vessel for which Mr Washington gave his note to ye carpenter for paymt & ye said Prescott had ye said stuffe in possession

To ye 16 Inry this depont saith that ye said Mr Washington gave ye said Prescott account in writing in Potomacke River concerning some money that ye said Washington had disbursed in ye East Country by him ye said Washington for ye use of ye said Prescott

Will. Meare, Jurat Coram
Nobis 12mo die May Ano dni 1657.

Walter Brodhurst
Thomas Speke

20 May 1657 This Answere of Mr Meares was recorded.12

     John Washington married Ann Pope, daughter of Colonel Nathaniel Pope and Lucy Fox, on 1 December 1658 at Mattox, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony. He was in the same regiment as her father and was a Major at that time.

     According to the Washington Parish history, "as a wedding gift, Colonel Nathaniel Pope gave them a 700 acre tract of land on Bridge's Creek."13,14,15,16,2

     Circa 1660, John's brother, Lawrence, had joined him in the Virginia Colony.17

     In 1661, Appomattox Parish was created and a new church was built near the mouth of Mattox Creek. John Washington and Andrew Monroe were among the first vestrymen of the parish.14

     In July 1662, he became a justice and member of the county court. About the same time, he was commissioned a major in the militia and rose to lieutenant colonel.17

     In 1664, John and Ann "moved four miles eastward on Bridges Creek."10

     In 1664, by this year, John Washington's plantation was prospering. He was elected a Burgess and had become actively involved in the affairs of the parish and county (Westmoreland). Only nine years after his arrival, Appomattox Parish's name was changed to Washington Parish in his honor, making this the first geographical division in America to be named after a Washington.18 [Stafford County was formed from Westmoreland County.]

     The major part of Lt. Colonel Washington's landholdings was in Westmoreland County. However, his largest single acquisition was up the Potomac on Little Hunting Creek. This was involved, being a joint venture with Nicholas Spencer, Secretary of the Colony, for 5,000 acres, eighty percent of which had represented an unseated grant to Colonel Richard Lee. This was to become the site of Mount Vernon.19

     Colonel John Washington left a will dated on 21 September 1665 at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony, in which he requested "To be buried on plantation where I live by the side of my wife yt is already dead and two children of mine. To my eldest sonne ____ by my father Pope made over to me. To son Lawrence 5000 acres (my share of land) in Stafford Co. taken up by me and Col. Nicho Spencer, other land on Rosiers Cr., etc. To son John W. land where I live purchased of David Anderson, land at head of Rappanock dr. etc. Wife her thirds for life; Ann Washington daughter a diamond ring. Bro. Thomas Pope; sister ____ ten pounds I have in England. Bro Lawrence Washington and wife Mrs. Anne Washington."
The Will of John Washington

     "In the name god amen. I John Washington of Washington parish in ye Countie of Westmoreland in Virginia, gent, being of good & perfect memory, thankes be unto Almighty god [for it] & calleing to rememebrnce the uncertaine estate of this trans(itory) life, & that all flesh must yield unto death, when it shall plea31 years god for to Call, doe make Constitute ordaine & declare this my last will & testament in manner & forme following, revoaki(ng) & annulling by thes presents all & every testament & testam[ents] will or wills heirtofore by me made and declared ei(ther) by [word] or by writing & this to be taken only for my last will and testament & non other, & first being hartily sorry from the bottome of my hart for my sins past, most humbly desiring forgiveness of the same from the Almighty god [my savior] & redeemer in whome & by the merits of Jesus Christ, I trust & believe assuredly to be saved & to have full remission and forgiveness of all my sins & yt my soule wth my body at the generall day of resurrection shall arise againe wth Joy & through the merits of Christ death & passion, possess and inherit the Kingdom of heaven, prepared for his elect & Chosen & my body to be buried on ye plantation wheirr I now Live, by the side of my wife yt is already buried & two Children of mine & now for the settling of my temporall estate & such goods Chatles and debts as it hath pleased god far above my deserts to bestow upon me, I doe order give & dispose the same in maner & forme following -
first I will yt all those debts & duties yt I owe in right or Consience to any maner of person or persons wtsoever shall be well & truly Contented & payed or ordained to be payd by my executors - herein after named -
Imprimis I give & [be]quea[th] unto my eldest [son Lawrence Washington) yt seat of land whereon Henry flagg liveth [wch I bought of John] Watts and Robert Hodges, being by patton seven hundre21 September 1665 ac[res] it being by my father pope made over to me & my heirs Lawfully begotten of my body -
Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington my watter mill wth all appertinances & Land belonging to it at the head of Rosiers Criek to him & his heirs for ever, reserveing to my wife her thirds during her life -
Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington yt seate of Land at upper machotik wch I bought of Mr. Anthony Bridges & Mr. John Rosier, being about nine hundred acres to him & his heirs for ever, reserveing to my wife her thirds during her life -
Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington my halfe & share of five thousand acres of Land in Stafford County wch is betwixt Coll Nicolas Spence & myselfe wch we [are engaged] yt their shall be no benefit taken by survivourship to him & his [heirs] for [ever].
Item I doe give unto my son John Washington yt plantation wheiron I now live wch I bougt of David Anderson & yt plantation next to Mr. John Foxhall yet I bought [wch was Ricd Hills] to him & his heirs for ever & yt seate of Land of about four hundred acres wch lyeth upon ye head of Rappahanect Creik & adjoining upon David norways orphants Land the Land being formerly John Whetstons & sold to me to him & his heirs f[o]r ever reserving to my wife her thirds of the afoare sayd Land during her life -
Item I give unto my son John Washington yt seate of land wch Robert foster now Livethon beng about three hundred acres to him & his heirs forever. Likewise I give unto my sayd son John Washington yt seat of land wch Robert Richards Liveth on wch I had of my bro: Lawrence Washington being about three hundred & fifty acres to him and his heirs for ever reserveing to my wife her thirds of the two sayd tracts of La[N]d during her life -
Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter An Washington yt seate of Land yt tract of Land yt Tho: Jordan now liveth on beng about twelve hundred acres to her and her heirs for ever. Likewise I give & bequeath unto my sayd daughter that tract of Land wheiron John frier now Liveth being about fourteen hundred acres after Mr. Fricke hath his quantity out of it to her & her heirs for ever reserving to my wife her thirds of the two above seates dureing her Life.
Item I give unto my sayd daughter, wch was her mothers desire & my promise, yt Cash in ye new parlous & the Diamond ring & her mothers rings & the white quilt &. the white Curtains & Vallians -
And as for the rest of my personall estate after my debts & dues are satisfied Justly, wch I desire should be satisfied out of my Cropps, which I doe not question but will be far more than I doe owe [thanks be unto god for it] theirfore it is my desire yt my estate should not Come to any appraisement, but I order & bequeath a followeth yt is to say that their shall be a Just Inventory & List taken of my personall estate yt I am possessed of & for to be devided in quantitie & quallitie by three men of Judgement wch I request the Court to nominate, into foure , son of Rev. Lawrence Washington and Amphillis Twigden,ts to be equall and proportionable devided in quantitie & qualitie the one fourth part I give to my Loveing wife in Kind in Lew of her dower or Claime, & one fourth part to my son Lawrence Washington in Kind, S one fourth part to my son John Washington in Kind, & one fourth part to my daughter An Washington in Kind to them & either of them severally & their heirs for ever & it is my will yt if either of my above sayd Children should happen to dy, before they obtaine the age of one & twenty years or day of marriadge then the Land of yt Child yt Dyeth to be the eldest son then Living, & if both my sons should dy then the Land to be my daughter An, & as for the personall estate if any of my three Children should happen to dy, before they Come of age or day of marriadge, then it is my will that the two surviveing Children should equally devide the personnall estate of yt Child yt is dead betwixt them & theirs for ever.
Item I give & bequeath after all my legacies payd out wt mony I shall have in England to my son Lawrence Washington
fltejm my desire is yt their may be a funeral sermon preached [at ye Ch]urch & that their be no other funeral Lest ye [fun]erall exceed four thousand pounds of [Tobb]co.
Item I give unto the Lower Church of Washington] parish 1665e ten Commandments & the Kings armes wch is my desire should be sent for out of wt mony I have in England
Item it is my desire yt wt estate I shall dy possessed should be Kept Intire wch out deviding until all debts & dues be payd & satisfied
Item I give unto my bro: Lawrence Washington four thousand pounds of tobbco & Caske -
Item I give unto my nephew John Washington my godson oldest son to my bro: Lawrence w(a)shington one young mare of two years old -
Item it is my desire yt when my estate is devided in quantitie & qualitie into four equall parts, & yt my wife has taken her fourth part, yt then even/ Childs part should be put out upon their owne plantation or plantations theire for to [be] manadged to the best advantage, for the bringing up & educating o[f each Childjd acc[ord]ing to the profit of each Childrens share -
Item it is my desire yt my wife should have the bringing up of my daughter An Washington until my son Lawrence Comes of age or her day of marriage & mywife for to have the manadgement of her part to my daughters best advantage.
Item I also give to my bro: Thomas Pope ten pounds out of yt mony I have in England
Item I doe give unto my sister marthaw Washington ten pounds out of yt mony I have in England & wt soever else she shall be oweing to me for transporteing her self into this Country & a years accommodation after her Coming in & four thousand pounds of Tobbco & Caske -
Item it is my desire yt my bro: Thomas Pope have the bringing up of my son John Washington & for to have the manadgement of his estate to my sons best advantage until he be of age of one & twenty years or day of mariadge -
finally I doe ordaine & appoint my bro: mr Lawrence Washington & my son Lawrence Washington & my Loveing wife mrs An Washington my whole & soale executors of this my last will & testament as witness my hand & seale this 21th of Fber 1675.
     signed & sealed in ye                    JOHN WASHINGTON
     presence of us -
     proued by ye Oath of
John Lord          Capa Jno Lord Capa
John Appleton          Jno Appleton, Being decesd

     The following endorsement is on the back of this will in the hand-of General Washington:
"Will - Lt Colo John Washington 11m Sept 1675"

A further endorsement, but in a different hand, is also on the back:- "Recorded in ye County records of Westmoreland Co ye 10 Jan'y 1677.

The original of the above will of John Washington, the emigrant ancestor of President Washington, was preserved among the General's papers at Mount Vernon. After the sale of the estate in 1858 to Ladies Mount Vernon Association of the Union, the papers and other relics were removed by the owner. Some of them were exhibited at the United States National Museum at Washington, for a few weeks, in January 1891, but were removed in February to be sold. A catalogue was prepared and printed, and on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, April 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 1891, the collection was sold at auction in Philadelphia by Thomas Birch's Sons. The relics brought very high prices. This will was sold to a Mr. Collins for $700.

A facsimile of this original will, full size, showing it to be entirely in the handwriting of Colonel John Washington, is owned by the present writer. The will was written when the testator was encamped before the Indian fort, called the Susquehannah Fort, then in Stafford County, Virginia, awaiting the arrival of the Indian Chiefs with whom he had been commissioned by the Governor and Council of Virginia, to treat as to the matter of Peace or War.20,21

     In 1666, he was elected to the house of burgesses and reelected in 1677.22,23

     Colonel John Washington married Ann Brett after 1668. She was the widow of two husbands when she married Washington.16

     In 1670, "Wee whose names are here underneath subscribed according to order of Westmland Court bearing dat the 28th of Septembr 1670, having pused the
Gen" & Pticular Accounts Exhibited unto us by L' Co" John Washington who married Ann the relict of Mr Henry Brett late of y County Deced, wee have
Examinedy whole Inventory & Debts of ye said Henry Brett And we Doe
finde that Mrs Ann Brett Washington hath paid beyond Assets the sum of six
teen thousand three hundred & twentie five pounds of tobacco & caske, etc., as witness our hands this 3' of 9br 1670. John Ashton, William Horton.
9th of 9hn 1670 This Report with ye account Annexed to it was Recorded."24

     On 31 May 1671, "Mr. Samuel Brett, of Plymouth, metchant, empowers certain persons to execute a discharge to 'Lt. Coll. Washington who intermarried with Ms. Anne Brett ye Reliot & administratrix of Henry Brett of Plimouth merchant deceased.24'"

     In 1675, he commanded the troops as Colonel, in an expedition against the Indians. "His orders were carried into effectwithi such a display of cruelty and treachery, as to call out a condemnation from the Governor.25

     John married Frances Appleton on 20 March 1676. She was the widow of Jn. Appleton when she married Washington.16,26,27

     On 14 April 1676, a letter from Phi. Lanyon at Plymouth to Sir Joseph Wiliamson enclosed a list of ships. "The ship from Virginia reports that Colonel Washington commanded a body who met the Indians; he fought them, beat them and drove them to their garrison which he took, and put all in it to the sword."28

     On 4 August 1676, Nathaniel Bacon ordered Colonel John Washington to enroll for voluntary service all housekeepers and freeman capable of bearing arms under General Bacon. On the 5th, Bacon ordered Washington to take the oath and subscription to the "engagement" made on 3 August 1676 at the Middle Plantation by the Principal Gentlemen, from all freemen and householders.29

     After 1677, his sister, Martha, married Samuel Hayward, son of Nicholas Hayward.23

     In May 1677, letters of administration on his goods were granted in England:"Mense Maij 1677 tricesimo die Em' Com Edmundo Jones prineipali creditori Laurentii Washington nuper de Luton in Comitatu Bedford sed apud Virginia in partibus transmarinis deceden ad adstrand bona jura et credita dict deft de bene etc jurat.' - Admon. Act Book (P.C.C.)

     But, Lawrence is said to have died in September???30

     Colonel John Washington died before 26 September 1677 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony,31,32 and was buried in George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Latanes, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.32

     On 26 September 1677, In the Court of this date, reference is made to the executors or administrators of Col. Washington's estate. He was attending Court that summer, specifically in the June session.31

     His estate was probated on 10 January 1677/78 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.20

     On 8 January 1682/83, upon the petition of Mr. Lawrence Washington with other concern'd in the estate of Coll. John Washington setting forth that his father by his last will and testament did request this Court that they would nominate such men of judgment to devide such part of his estate in quantity and quality as by the will is soe disposable, the Court order with the consent of Mr. John Washington and Mr. Francis Wright that Capt. John Lord, Mr. Robt. Valx, Mr. Patrick Spence and Mr. Thomas Pope shall upon the last Monday of January make devition (sic) of such part of the estate according to the will at Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony.33

Citations

  1. [S2977] "Col. John (G-Grandfather To George) Washington & Descendants", online http://oursoutherncousins.com/Descendants%20of%20JOHN%20WASHINGTON%20&%20ANNE%20POPE.pdf, uploaded 7 Aug 2007, accessed 19 Aug 2011, verified site active 23 Jun 2019.
  2. [S3026] Headley Jr., Robert K., compiler. Married Well and Often: Marriages of the Northern Neck of Virginia 1649-1800 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., 2003), page 372.
  3. [S5239] Glenn, Justin. The Washingtons: A Family History - Royal Descents of the Presidential Branch, 3 (n.p.: ebook, 2014), unpaginated.
  4. [S2978] Longden, H. Isham. History Of The Family of "Washington", online database at www/ancestry.com , originally published 1927, site verified as active 11 Jul 2019, page 12. Original data: Longden, Henry Isham. The History of the Washington Family. (Northampton: W. Mark & Co., 1927). Reprinted from The Genealogists' Magazine.
  5. [S2978] Longden. Washington Family of England, online database www/ancestry.com , page 31, 36-45.
  6. [S3013] Flemer Jr., Carl F.. Four Centuries of Little Known Washington Parish History (Richmond: Lewis Printing Co., 1991), page 4, says he sailed first c1655.
  7. [S5238] Tyler, Lyon G.. "Washington and His Neighbors," William and Mary Quarterly, Series 1, vol. 4, no. 1 (1895): page 33-34, the author is satisfied that the first wife of Colonel Washington was Anne Pope and that the second wife was Anne, widow of Walter Brodhurst. A third wife was Frances, daughter of Colonel Valentine Payton.
  8. [S3676] Fleet, Beverly, abstractor. Lancaster County, Virginia Record Book #2, 1654-1666, FHL Film 0,850,103 #1 , page 9; citing page 33, microfilm of original published book.
  9. [S2978] Longden. Washington Family of England, online database www/ancestry.com , page 11-12.
  10. [S3347] Haynie, Miriam. The Stronghold: A Story of Historic Northern Neck of Virginia and Its People (Richmond: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1959), page 76.
  11. [S320] Horace, Mack. History of Columbiana County, Ohio (Philadelphia: D. W. Ensign & Co., 1878), dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnentafel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland County Deeds, Wills, Patents &c 1653-1659, page 77.
  12. [S230] Drewa, Vernon, "Email, Vernon Drewa," e-mail message from e-mail address to Toby Turner, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahnentafel of Stephen W. Turner with this information citing Westmoreland County Deeds, Wills, Patents &c 1653-1659, pages 83, 84.
  13. [S2985] Beale, G. W.. "Col. Nathaniel Pope and His Descendants," William and Mary Quarterly, Series 1, vol. 12, no. 3 (Jan 1904): page 193, supplied information about regiment and current title.
  14. [S3013] Flemer Jr.. Washington Parish Hist., page 5.
  15. [S2977] "Col. John (G-Grandfather To George) Washington & Descendants", online http://oursoutherncousins.com/Descendants%20of%20JOHN%20WASHINGTON%20&%20ANNE%20POPE.pdf, accessed 19 Aug 2011, citing "Col. Nathaniel Pope and His Descendants," by Rev. G. W. Beale.
  16. [S3026] Headley Jr.. Married Well & Often, page 365.
  17. [S3777] Barr, James Houston. Lt. Colonel Nathaniel Pope, c1610-1660 - Ancestor of Washington and Governors (Louisville, Kentucky: J.H.B., 2013), page 4.
  18. [S3013] Flemer Jr.. Washington Parish Hist., page 6.
  19. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 4, citing Charles E. Hatch Jr., Popes Creek Plantation, Birthplkace of George Washington, page 3.
  20. [S665] Fothergill, Augusta, abstractor. Wills of Westmoreland County, Virginia 1654 - 1800 (n/a: Appeals Press, 1925), page 14. . Now available online at FamilySearch.
  21. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahfenatel of Stephen W. Turner containing this will in its entirety, but with no source.
  22. [S3054] Davis, Virginia Lee Hutchinson. Jamestowne Ancestors, 1607-1699 Commemoration of the 400th Anniversary of the Landing at James Towne 1607-2007 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2006), page 100.
  23. [S3777] Barr. Lt. Col. Nathaniel Pope, page 3.
  24. [S5238] Tyler. "Washington & His Neighbors", page 34.
  25. [S230] Drewa. Email, dated 7 Aug 2007 containing an ahfenatel of Stephen W. Turner containing this information without a source.
  26. [S2702] Find A Grave. Database and images; accessed 29 Jan 2019, memorial page for Capt William Hardwick (?-1694) at memorial page... Maintained by Karen Mickel Bennett; citing burial location unknown.
  27. [S3540] "The Large Version of the Chew Family Tree", contributed by Tim, email at e-mail address, cannot be reached directly from a link, updated 1 Apr 2016, Tree ID = 233243, site verified as active 20 Jun 2019. Citing Plantagenet Ancestry of 17th Century Colonists, David Faris, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 1996 which provides the marriage year. I cannot provide a direct link to individuals thanks to a stupid decision by Rootsweb in 2020. You have to go to https://wc.rootsweb.com, input the Tree ID, then search the database's index for individuals which is ridiculous.
  28. [S3380] Neville, John Davenport, compiler. Bacon's Rebellion: Abstracts of Materials in the Colonial Records Project (Jamestown: The Jamestown Foundation, 1986), page 204, citing State Papers Domestic, 9-21 Apr 1676, S. P. 29/380 Survey Report 6263 (6602), item 181.
  29. [S3380] Neville. Bacon's Rebellion, page 54, citing Letters and papers Concerning American Plantations, 1 June 1676 - 7 Oct 1676, c. o. 1/37 Survey Report 658 (737), folio 133.
  30. [S6413] Waters, Henry Fitz-Gilbert and Washington, George. "An Examination of the English Ancestry of George Washington: setting forth the evidence to connect him with the Washingtons of Sulgrave and Brington," New England Historial and Genealogical Register (Oct 1889): page 8. Printed and digitized by the Boston Public Library.
  31. [S3030] Dorman, John Frederick, abstractor. Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1675/6 - 1688/9: Part One 1676/6 - 1679 (Washington: J.F.D., 1982), pages 30, 38.
  32. [S2702] Find A Grave. Memorial page for Col John Washington, Sr (1632-1677) at memorial page....
  33. [S3207] Dorman, John Frederick, abstractor. Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1675/6-1688/9: Part Three 1682-1684 (Washington: J. F. D., 1985), page 10; citing page 269.
  34. [S3647] Sparacio, Ruth & Sam, abstractors. Virginia County Court Records: Richmond County, Virginia Orders 1707-1708 (McLean: The Antient Press, 1997), page 66, citing Order Book No. 4, 1704-1708, page 333.